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Quiz Questions

Return your completed quiz using one of the following methods:
P.O. Box 593
Hurley, NY 12443
tel/fax: (845) 331-3383
e-mail: az@rip-tide.org

If you get 100% correct you will be entered in a raffle for great prizes, including equipment, and Lifeguard Systems surface and subsurface certification programs.

Answers will be provided in the next issue.


  1. A dive team should be dispatched immediately to:
  1. surface water rescue operations.
  2. surface ice rescue operations.
  3. subsurface rescue or recovery operations.
  4. all of the above.

  1. List 13 features to look for in an ice rescue transport device.

  1. Establishing ____________ is critical for any surface rescue.

  1. A drop in skin temperature results in the release of _______ which is part of the fight or flight mechanism.
  1. adrenaline
  2. epinephrine
  3. estrogen
  4. both a and b are correct

  1. Victims of water-related incidents are more likely to be yanked, banged, dropped and dragged than victims of most other type of incidents. True or False

  1. List nine reasons why water-related victims are too often handled roughly.

  1. Duty crew EMS belong stationed ______ where they can stay warm until the victim is brought to shore.
  1. at the water's edge
  2. in the incident command post
  3. in their ambulance
  4. at the hospital

  1. The medical definition of hypothermia is any decrease in normal body core temperature. True or False

  1. We lose heat at the same rate in 42 F. air as we do in _____ F. water.
  1. 30
  2. 42
  3. 65
  4. 80

  1. Ice diving deaths often involve double fatalities. True or False

  1. Which one of the following statements about ice diving operations is correct?
  1. Free swimming or jack-stand search patterns are safe.
  2. Tenders do not need special training.
  3. A suggested maximum tether line length is 125 feet.
  4. A quick release pony bottle or other true redundant air source is mandatory.

  1. An octopus is not acceptable for ice diving for many reasons, including (circle all that are correct)
  1. Its presence increases the chance of a first stage freeze-up.
  2. It will cause a cylinder to empty more quickly during a first stage free-flow situation.
  3. It does absolutely nothing for the wearer if the wearer is low or out of air.
  4. It leaves a back-up diver closely connected to an out-of-air primary diver, and increases the chance of a double fatality, as compared to a quick release pony bottle.
  5. It makes it difficult or impossible for a back-up diver to solve an entanglement situation of an out-of-air diver.

  1. The maximum distance line signals will effectively travel across 3/8 inch line is _______ feet.
  1. 100
  2. 150
  3. 200
  4. 250

  1. A tethered diver performing an arc (quarter-moon) search pattern 150 feet from shore will perform an arc that is ______ feet in length.
  1. 112
  2. 150
  3. 195
  4. 236

  1. The suggested maximum tether line distance for non-overhead environment, normal condition dives is ____ feet.
  1. 50
  2. 125
  3. 175
  4. 200

  1. A tethered, trained back-up diver should be able to safely reach a tethered entangled/entrapped primary diver 150 feet away in under _______ from the time the diver asks for assistance, while the same situation for a free swimming primary diver could take five minutes, ten minutes or far longer.
  1. 10 seconds
  2. 20 seconds
  3. 60 seconds
  4. It is too difficult to say.

  1. Which tether line is the least likely to be snagged?
  1. 3/8 inch diameter, 60 feet
  2. inch diameter, 60 feet
  3. 3/8 inch diameter, 130 feet
  4. inch diameter, 130 feet

  1. Which statement is incorrect?
  1. OSHA requires all respiratory equipment including SCUBA and SCBA (S/S) used by employees to be visually inspected at least every month and after each use.
  2. The DOT requires hydrostatic testers to conduct a visual inspection as part of the retest process.
  3. A technical visual cylinder inspection is a complete assessment inside and out against standards and damage limits.
  4. Condemned cylinders can be used after re-conditioning and another hydrostatic test.

  1. There must be an original hydro tester's mark and a current mark, within _____ years for steel or aluminium cylinders and ___ years for composite SCBA.
  1. 5, 3
  2. 5, 5
  3. 3, 5
  4. 5,10

  1. Which statement is incorrect?
  1. Valve repair is part of a visual inspector's duty.
  2. Leaded plug and single port retainer nut types of burst relief discs should be replaced with more effective designs.
  3. Burst disc relief pressures must not exceed the hydrostatic test pressure of the cylinder.
  4. The technical inspector must estimate depth of any corrosion pitting and compare findings to the allowable limit for the cylinder type.

  1. The easiest way to figure out the area searched by a diver performing an arc pattern is to look at a laminated distance chart on the profile clipboard, rather than performing mathematical calculations. True or False

  1. It is important to know the total area a diver searched in a given amount of time to:
  1. know if the diver was searching too quickly, requiring the area to be re-searched.
  2. know if the diver missed an area.
  3. gain a sense of the bottom composition before the diver returns and reports it.
  4. all of the above are correct.

  1. When working inside submerged vehicles, divers should move ______.
  1. low and slow
  2. high and slowly
  3. It does not matter how divers move, as long as the job gets done.
  4. Any way they feel like it.

  1. An air-filled object:
  1. can be an underwater missile.
  2. can be found and dislodged anywhere in a submerged vehicle.
  3. can break your neck or knock you unconscious.
  4. All of the above.

  1. Petroleum products will be found around submerged vehicles. They may cause:
  1. skin irritations and burns.
  2. blindness.
  3. lipoid pneumonia.
  4. All of the above.

  1. Divers working on submerged vehicles should carry bungee cords to:
  1. hold their old dive gear together.
  2. pull and snap to break car windows.
  3. secure vehicle doors so that the doors will not entrap them by closing underwater.
  4. keep from floating to the surface.

Equipment and Training Agency Questions. Contact the advertisers in this issue for the information you need to answer the following questions. Be an educated consumer:
Rescue Rocket
  1. The Air Thrust Rescue Rocket can deploy a line and tools ________ feet with _________ line.
  1. 100 to 200, 1 mm nylon or 2 mm polypropylene
  2. 200 to 350, 1 mm Dacron or 3 mm polydacron
  3. 100 to 550, 2 mm Spectra or 6 mm polyspectra
  4. 100 to 400, 1 mm nylon or 3 mm polypropylene

  1. The Rescue Rocket Rescue Products produces all except the following product:
  1. Rescue Sling, a rescue throw rope bag with a water-activated flotation sling.
  2. An ice rescue pole with a self inflating flotation sling deployment system.
  3. A Mini Rocket that can deploy a 500-lb. test messenger line over 300 feet.
  4. A Rescue Rocket with a self-inflating sling that lifts 300 lbs.

  1. The Rescue Rocket can be used for the following (circle all that apply):
  1. deployment of a line for pulling an oil boom across a body of water
  2. deployment of two or more Aqua-Anchors for floating oil boom
  3. deployment into a large body of water
  4. ski cable evacuation
  5. securing ropes over and across buildings, canyons, and trees
  6. establishing a top rope from ship to ship
  7. airplane to airplane rescue
  8. setting an Aua-Anchor for ice or swiftwater rescue
  9. surf rescue and multiple victim rescue

Trelleborg Viking
  1. A study cited by the Trelleborg Viking Rubber Drysuit catalogue states that in 13C. (50-55F.) water, divers had a _____ greater air consumption rate when diving in wetsuits as compared to drysuits.
  1. 10%
  2. 20%
  3. 30%
  4. 40%

  1. Trelleborg Viking Products have been certified after passing a thorough examination procedures in accordance with (circle all that apply):
  1. the Personal Protective Equipment Directive 89/686/EEC (PPE), class 3 which is the highest class with the toughest demands of the European Union.
  2. the Commercial Diving Institute (CDI) Hazardous Material PPE Class Standards, 92-602.
  3. the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health for Viking material and components for mechanical, chemical, shelf life, user-life, and performance under extreme cold conditions (-24C.) condition parameters.
  4. National Fire Protection Association 1991/1994 edition of the Standard for Vapor Protective Suits for Hazardous Chemical Emergencies.
  5. testing chemicals chosen from the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F1001, Standard Guide for Chemicals to Evaluate Protective Clothing Materials, 1989- using the most aggressive chemicals within a given chemical class.

  1. Which statement is incorrect?
  1. Viking seams are vulcanized to make a unit, a completely seamless" suit, for no leakage and extended durability and comfort.
  2. The rubber material of the Viking Pro 1000, Pro Military, and Pro Classic drysuits does not absorb moisture, has a non-porous surface, is easy to clean, is flexible and comfortable, and is extremely resistant to wear and tear.
  3. Viking Heavy Duty (HD) suits can withstand repeated exposure to intense heat up to 212F. (100C.).
  4. Trelleborg produces marker buoys, weapon bags, outboard motor bags, and decontamination tents.

  1. Lifeguard Systems PSD-1 Instructors can teach all of the following certification courses except:
  1. open water diver.
  2. diver-to-diver rescue diver, night diver, underwater photography, deep diver, wreck diver.
  3. divemaster.
  4. Lifeguard Systems Rapid Deployment Search & Rescue/Recovery I.

  1. Choose the correct statement(s).
  1. Lifeguard Systems PSD Instructors can purchase liability insurance so they can train divers and non-divers outside of their team.
  2. Lifeguard Systems PSD-2 Instructors can teach the Lifeguard Systems Rapid Deployment Search & Rescue/Recovery I course.
  3. The Lifeguard Systems Openwater I course includes training in full-face masks, drysuits, and pony bottles, so that when students are certified as divers they will already be certified as drysuit, full-face mask, and redundant-air divers.
  4. The only courses that anyone ever needs to take are Lifeguard Systems.

  1. Which statement is not correct?
  1. Lifeguard Systems students must bring their own quick-release pony bottle systems, harnesses, and tether lines to dive-related courses.
  2. Divers must successfully complete a minimum of three dives, two underwater contingency exercises, a written examination and three tender rotations to receive a certification.
  3. Lifeguard Systems teaches over 25 programs including personal water craft rescue, underwater vehicle extrication, swift water rescue, Drowning Homicide Investigator, PSD Instructor 1-3, and Field Neurological Evaluations.
  4. Lifeguard Systems produces their own buoyancy compensator and harness specifically for public safety divers, which were originally designed for FDNY Rescue Company teams in the late 1970's.

Divers Cove and Seawolf II
  1. Diver's Cove repairs drysuits for dive teams around the U.S. The only material they prefer not to work with is:
  1. vinyl.
  2. neoprene and crushed neoprene.
  3. rubber.
  4. trilaminant and bilaminant.

  1. Diver's Cove repairs full-face masks, and says that divers can make the following repairs themselves in the field (circle all that apply):
  1. rebuilding the internal parts of the second stage
  2. changing strap clips or the spider
  3. replacing low pressure seats
  4. adjusting the second stage flow rate

  1. Diver's Cove repairs all of the following regulators, but prefers not to repair those made by:
  1. USD
  2. Dacor
  3. Sherwood
  4. Poseidon
  5. Seaquest
  6. Oceanic
  7. Mares
  8. Seac Sub
  9. Ocean Reef
  10. Scuba Pro

For information on how you can help, or how RIPTIDE can help you, please contact us at:
P.O. Box 593
Hurley, NY 12443
tel/fax: (845) 331-3383
e-mail: az@rip-tide.org
Created by Dolphin Diving - copyright 990901